Volume 5, Issue 38 (206 Issues Since 15 October 2010)
“The end has come.”
September 21, 1864. On September 21, nineteen days after the fall of Atlanta, South Carolinian Mary Boykin Chesnut wrote in her diary,
“The end has come. No doubt of the fact. Our army has so moved as to uncover Macon and Augusta [Georgia].
We are going to be wiped off the face of the earth. . . .”
Mary Chesnut’s Civil War, C. Vann Woodward, ed. p. 645.
New York Newspaper Publishes “Certified” Cartoon of Republican “Miscegenation Ball”
On September 23, 1864, the New York World, a Democratic newspaper, published a highly provocative cartoon portraying Republican supporters of Lincoln engaged in miscegenation, a newly created word meaning racial mixing. It showed racial barriers being breached “as whites and blacks dance, cavort, and couple flamboyantly against a backdrop of a large portrait of the president, suggesting that a second term for Lincoln the Great Emancipator would lead to unbridled race mixing. [The caption “certified” that the cartoon was an accurate portrayal of a real event that happened at the New Your City headquarters of the Lincoln campaign the previous evening. In fact, there was no such event.] In truth, miscegenation was more common where African Americans were enslaved than where they were free. . . .”
Smithsonian Civil War, Inside the National Collection (2013), pp. 286-87
“A carrion crow in his flight across must either carry his rations or starve.” Sheridan’s Scorched Earth Policy in Shenandoah Valley.
September 23, 1864. After the Confederate defeats at the Battle of Winchester and Fisher’s Hill, the devastation of the Shenandoah Valley followed; General Phil Sheridan ensured that the land was useless to the enemy as a base of military operations or as as source of material supplies. In fact it was left in such a state, that, in Sheridan’s words, ‘A carrion crow in his flight across must either carry his rations or starve.'”
– Submitted by Vermont Humanities Council executive director Peter A. Gilbert.